Types of Pregnancy
Normal delivery is the vaginal delivery of a baby, without harm to the mother, after an involuntary contraction of the uterus between weeks 38 and 42.
The uterus, which remains stable for nine months, receives various signals towards the end of pregnancy and begins to contract.
If we divide birth into three parts, the first stage begins with the contractions of the uterus. It is the longest-lasting stage. It may take 14-16 hours. It lasts until the cervix opens. The contractions firstly start to come every 10-15 minutes. They then get more frequent and intense. The most frequent it gets is one contraction per three minutes lasting for as long as a minute.
Stage two is the time between the opening of the uterus and the birth of the baby. It can take from a few minutes to several hours.
The third stage ends with the appearance of the placenta after the baby is born. It may take anything from 10 minutes to half an hour. Contractions may extend well into this stage. At this stage, contractions occur to reduce bleeding by closing the blood vessels created by the rupture of the placenta.
Advantages of normal delivery:
- It is physiological.
- Nature causes birth to occur through a channel that ends in the vagina.
- Since the mother does not undergo anesthesia, she can immediately get her baby by her side and hear the baby’s voice.
- It may have been a long journey, but soon they can hope to return to their normal lives.
Disadvantages of normal delivery:
- It is a painful, grueling process,
- and takes too long.
- The consequences for the patient that may occur afterwards are severe, i.e. a flaccid urinary tract and viscera.
- It may cause damage in the vagina that is hard to fix.
- The baby may suffer from various damages in the birth canal.
- There might be bleeding.