Nutrition During Pregnancy
If a pregnant woman is not getting enough nutrition, there is a high possibility that the baby will also be nutritionally inadequate. The baby is entirely dependent on the mother for nutrition. And therefore the mother must take extra care with her diet. One can maintain her usual diet during pregnancy with no big changes needed, but it must be ensured that both the mother and the baby get the nutrients they need.
Pregnant women need before pregnancy. By eating a good and balanced diet, one can get all the minerals and vitamins she needs during pregnancy. However, iron requirements during pregnancy should be met by eating iron-rich foods or through iron supplements. Although the total weight to be gained during pregnancy varies for each woman, the average is 11-15 kilos. And weight gain should be spread out over weeks.
More fruits and vegetables and more proteins should be consumed, and a diet rich in minerals and vitamins should be eaten. Fresh fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits and tomatoes contain vitamins A, B and C. It should be known what foods contain what vitamins and minerals and if supplements are needed, iron, calcium, and magnesium supplements should be taken. Iron is necessary for the formation of white blood cells. That is why some babies are born with anemia, when mothers themselves have iron deficiency. Pregnant women should eat foods containing iron and, if necessary, take iron supplements prescribed by their doctors.
For nausea and vomiting in the first months of pregnancy, eating less and more frequently is better for both the mother and the baby. Pregnant women need more proteins.
Meat, fish, chicken and eggs, which contain B vitamins, are important sources of protein. Of course, fats should also be consumed, this supplement can be directly in the form of oil, as well as in the form of liquid and butter or in the form of cheese.
Until birth, sugar, legumes, bread, cakes and potatoes can be eaten to get more energy. Vitamin A requirements can be met with legumes, potatoes and bread. However, if fats, sugars, and starches are taken in large amounts, it will cause the pregnant woman to gain weight, which is something doctors do not wish to see.
Overconsumption of creamy and fatty foods should be avoided.
Smoking should be avoided and it should be remembered that smoking can cause problems with the baby or the placenta.
Alcohol abstinence is recommended.
Tea and coffee can be consumed in moderation.
If the doctor thinks they are needed, vitamin supplements should be taken on a daily basis.