If the pregnant mother cannot take adequate and balanced nutrition, it is highly possible for the baby to suffer from poor nutrition, too. The nourishment of a baby is provided from the body of its mother. Thus, the mother plays a great role in the nutrition of her baby. The pregnancy diet does not need to be very different from a normal diet. The same food can be consumed as always, yet a baby and its mother will need some necessary nutrients.
The energy requirements of pregnant women increase about 300 to 500 kcal per day. The essential vitamins and minerals will be provided to the body through a balanced and adequate nutrition. However, a pregnant woman should eat foods rich in iron or take iron supplements for the iron requirement during pregnancy. As much as it varies from one mother to another, the average weight that should be gained during pregnancy is 11 to 15 kilograms. Gaining weight should be balanced between weeks.
An expectant mother should pay attention to fruits and vegetables, protein supplements, minerals and vitamins. Fresh fruits and vegetables and especially citrus fruits and tomato are rich in Vitamins A, B and C. A pregnant mother should know which food contains how much vitamin and mineral. Iron, calcium and magnesium supplements can be taken when necessary. Iron is essential for the white blood cell formation. Some babies are born anemic and the reason for anemia in babies is the mother’s insufficient intake of iron during pregnancy. Pregnant women should consume food rich in iron, and when necessary, they should take iron supplements in amounts instructed by their physicians.
It is better to eat less and more frequently for the mother and her baby in case of nausea and morning sickness during the first months of pregnancy. Pregnant mothers need protein mostly. Meat, fish, chicken and egg which are all rich in Vitamin B are among the important protein sources. The pregnancy diet should be enriched with healthy fats. This supplement can directly be healthy fats or oils, butter and cheese.
Sugar, legumes, bread, cakes and potato can be consumed to meet energy requirements until birth. The need for Vitamin A can be met eating legumes, potato and bread. However, if fats, sugar and starch are consumed in large amounts, this may cause weight gain and this is not what we prefer much as doctors.
Do not consume too much food which are creamy and rich in fats.
Do not smoke. A smoking mother should keep in mind that it may cause problems with the baby and the placenta.
Do not drink alcohol.
Tea and coffee can be consumed in limited amounts.
If your doctor prescribes supplements, you should not forget taking them daily.