Month by Month Baby Development


Applying vaseline or greasy cream to the circumcised area and covering it with cotton or gauze, you can prevent the diaper to stick to the circumcised area. Swollen breasts and slight milk flow from the breasts can be seen in both girls and boys. Some girls may have mild bleeding in their vaginal areas. All of this will disappear when the hormones passing from the mother are expelled from the baby's body. You may notice minor scratches, rake marks on your baby's face or other parts. This shows that it is time to cut the nail. Cutting the nails while the baby is asleep makes your job easier. Most of the redness you see on your baby's forehead, eyelids or behind the neck is not permanent. Although it is usually seen at birth, it may also occur during the first month. This rash is caused by capillaries, which are close to the surface in the almost transparent skin of the baby, and generally the redness becomes more obvious when the baby is crying. When your baby is 3-4 years old, these marks will be completely lost.

You should have received the necessary information from your doctor about the soft area on top of your baby's head, which we call "fonticulus". This soft tissue allows the baby's rapidly growing brain to expand sufficiently. One is located on the forehead and the other behind the skull. The one on the forehead closes within 18 months, the other which is at the top and the rear closes within the first 3 months, ie when most of the brain development is completed. As you have washed all the other parts of the baby's body, there is no harm in washing also this area.

The color and irregularity of the stools of babies of this age worries many parents. In the first two weeks after delivery, the baby's stool is composed of a greenish sticky liquid, called meconium, that fills in the intestines while in the mother's abdomen. As the bowel starts to operate normally, the color of the stool lightens and its appearance begins to change.

The color of the stool varies in every baby, and especially the feeding of the baby with breast milk or food affects the color of the stool. The baby who suckles breast milk has a light yellow and yellowish orange stool, and a baby receiving baby food excretes a brownish or gray stool. In stools of almost all babies, depending on the amount of daily bile released, are seen greenness, or whiteness caused by undigested milk. The consistency of the stool may vary from soft to watery stool. At the end of the first month, you will be able to understand what is normal for your baby.

Almost all babies vomit after feeding, but some vomit in excess amount after each feeding. This often creates anxiety in parents. But what is important at this point is whether the baby has enough weight. If gaining weight, this indicates that the baby keeps enough nutrients within the body. In such cases, keeping the baby in the semi-sitting position, ie at 45 degrees upright after each feeding, may help to prevent vomiting. Other than this, you can encourage your baby to feed more slowly, for example by using small orifice feeding bottles. If he accepts this (that some babies do not), you should help him remove the gas 3-4 times after each feeding. There is another point to convince yourself and be comfortable: all babies cry. Until he talks, the baby experiences problems from time to time, and the reason of some of them cannot be understood. In the second half of the month, he can often catch crying crises that may frighten you; they usually correspond to evening hours when indoor tension is the highest. These cries are demoralizing, but normal.


Since the baby's visual range is limited, if the face of the parent is closer than 50 cm to him, his eyes focus on the parent's face. Eye contact starts. He is silent as he examines the face across him. He can hold one tightly. Reacts when he hears human voice. Arm, leg and hand movements are still composed of reflexes. Suddenly irritated (Moro Reflex). She likes to lean against the chest whether she takes breast milk or not, and this is another reflex. Generally, his hands are in the shape of a fist. Turns his head slightly to the side while he is lying on his face. When he is brought to a sitting position, he holds his head from his spine to the top. He looks at something but does not reach out for it. He can slide her eyes sideways to see an object. He can grasp a toy or a rattle while his fingers are open, but quickly drops. During the 10-hour period when he is awake, some time he is more receptive. Most of the time he is awake he appears calm and unresponsive. He might remember an object which he saw in a few minutes. Recognizes the mother voice and smell he knows before the birth. Cries to ask help.


Sucking makes him very happy and he can now take his hand to his mouth more comfortably. Suction instinct is still very strong and there is no need to prevent it for a long time. Some mothers allow their babies to suck their fingers with the thought that it is "natural", while others to use the pacifier because it can be taken from their hands more easily in the future. In addition to the sucking instinct, the baby will begin to take everything into his mouth, including toys. These trials help him to understand the boundaries where his own body ends and the outside world begins. For the time being, he will discover different shapes, stiffness and tissue in the same way. During this period, you will also see that he starts to hit the toys and enjoys the sound he hears.

Sensory stimulation is important for the baby, but cannot replace the communication with human. Even a crib (baby cot) equipped with the most beautiful toys is not enough to keep the baby entertained when he is awake. He has to learn what's going on at his house, and like all adults, he wants a human by his side. When he is awake, place your baby on the mother lap and try to keep it near you in the house.

Babies in this period love the human voice. When feeding your baby, he is normally indifferent to sounds, but when he hears the voice of a person speaking or singing, he may prefer to stop sucking and listen to the sound.

Perhaps you have noticed, fathers, unlike mothers, are usually gifted to giving the baby play impulses. But you should remember that although the way the fathers communicate with the baby is different, this is a very valuable effort for both the baby and the father. These interactions are very important for the baby to establish a bond with both parents. Sometimes the mother wants the father to be more concerned with the care of the baby - but the father often feels himself inadequate in the face of such a small baby.

Your baby, who is only two months old, may be uncomfortable when he is with a caregiver or someone else. This does not necessarily mean that there is a problem. The main reason for the baby's discomfort is that he wants to take the reaction he received from his parents also from other adults. The baby will be relieved by getting to know other people in the house. At the beginning of the second month, spots on your baby's face and neck may occur; these marks disappear within 4- 6 weeks. The reason for this may be the expulsion of the mother's hormones from the baby's body or the baby's fat and sweat glands start working. In both cases, there is no need for any intervention, the spots usually disappear spontaneously.

In the middle of the sixth week, a number of shells can be formed on the head called “host". One reason for this may be that the parent is hesitating to wash these areas thoroughly. (Washing does not harm the baby. The soft spots on the head look delicate, but they are covered with a thick tissue and you don't have to worry about touching.) Host does not hurt or itch. Your doctor will provide you with the necessary information for their disappearance. It is worth noting that there are a few issues that don't require worry, but still worry about mothers. One of them is the scar on the baby's face after the birth of forceps. They disappear in time. Your baby's legs are curved due to their position in the womb. If the baby is taking enough nutrients and vitamins, in the first year the legs will flatten, and will start to look normal when he starts walking.

Some parents notice that the baby's eyes are of different sizes. As the baby's vision improves, the size of the eyes is matched. Dry skin is another condition that causes concern for parents. After a period from birth, especially in folded areas such as feet, the skin of the baby dries and shedding is seen. Less bath and a soft moisturizing lotion will help, but the area you use the diaper needs to be cleaned daily.

Finally, you may also have some concerns about yourself. Some nights, you are going to think you did not do anything during the day, but you are still very tired. And since your baby does not show you the reactions you want, like every new mother you will question whether it is worth all these efforts. The answer to this is sincerely YES. Compared to a few months later, it may be right to think that your baby is not reacting to you right now yet.

But he can't thank you yet for what you've done. Every moment he is awake, he will spend seeing, listening and learning. And remember: When you hug him and feed him, you are helping him enough to influence his future psychological structure. THIS MONTH YOUR BABY WILL RECOGNIZE YOUR FACE AND WILL SMILE AT YOU FOR THE FIRST TIME...


Relaxes itself by sucking. He becomes happy that a person exists and shows it. When he's in the lap or he hears someone's voice, he's silent. If he interacts with people, he stays awake for longer. His movements becomes more regular and voluntary, and some of the reflexes are lost. He can hold his head up for a few seconds. Even holds his head up when he is brought to a sitting position, he cannot fully control. He can hold in hand an object for a few seconds or maybe a little longer. Muscles develop. He looks around.

When watching an object, he can turn his eyes within a circle, both at the same time, and in the same direction. He can follow an object from one end to the other. He makes the sounds not as a reaction to what he heard from the outside, but in response to what comes from within. Moves hands and arms more. Can hit objects. May be excited about objects. Understands, distinguishes and implies the difference between voices, people and tastes. Examines his own hand movements. His senses direct each other; looks at the source of sounds, makes sucking movement towards the breast.


You may conclude that he is not awake enough during the day. Therefore, if he does not feel sleepy or is not sleeping, do not keep the baby in his bed. The baby should assume the bed and sleep the same. On the other hand, especially if stimulated before sleep it may be difficult for him to sleep. At such times, to calm the baby try giving a little breastfeeding or feeding (so your baby's belly does not get hungry immediately), changing the diaper and shaking a little.

Your baby's morning awakening time may be directly proportional to the time of the last feeding, but this is not a requirement; some babies can wake up at 6.00 am or even earlier, like a wound clock, regardless of the time they are fed. Sometimes it may be a useless effort trying to put the baby's daily sleep in an order. Sometimes, keeping the playing time short you may wish him to sleep early in the afternoon, but he refuses. On another day, you want him to play with your guests coming to see him, shout out to him, but he prefers to sleep.

The three-month-old baby starts to make sounds for speech. Music or speech sounds will not only comfort the baby when he is angry, it will also make your little one react to these sounds by making some voices. If he makes such noises, he's in a good mood. He also tries a new trick in this period: make balloons with saliva!

Your baby responds to the questions asked to him by making harmonious sounds and expects the same thing from the opposite. At the end of the month, a 15-20 minutes of "ohhs and ahhs" dialogue can be communicated between the baby and you. Occasionally you can take a deep breath with the baby and make the same sound.

When the baby is awake, he spends most of his time staring at his hands and playing with them. Until now, your baby was holding his hands in the shape of a fist. In the third month he will make his hands move freely and eventually leave it fully open. Thus new toys will emerge: just ten tiny fingers. The third month passes by looking at them and observing the movements of the fingers. Every time he sees his hands, he will be amazed and happy to find them again.

Explain his body, introduce his limbs, while washing or changing clothes of your three-month-old baby. So he can show his feet or ears when asked long before he starts to talk. He much likes short lullabies or fairy tales described in soft tones and song plays, and expresses it with the sounds he makes. He will be much affected if you clap your hands, shake your head or pull your tongue out. THE MOST IMPORTANT PHASE OF THIS MONTH: YOUR BABY CAN LIFT HIS CHEST BY PUSHING IT WITH HIS ARMS WHEN LYING ON HIS ABDOMEN.

  • He begins to recognize and distinguish his acquaintances.
  • Easily laughs.
  • Crying is reduced.
  • Responds to sounds by making a sound.
  • Acts differently to his parents: when they are next to him tries to get their attention.
  • He lifts his body above his arms and elbows while he is lying on the abdomen and stays in this way for 5-10 seconds.
  • With support he can sit on the lap.
  • The facial expression and the sounds he makes are strengthened.
  • He gets his whole body up when taken in the lap.
  • The capture reflex disappears; his hands usually stay open.
  • With his hands he tries to explore his face, his eyes and his mouth.
  • He wants to hold a toy and shake it.
  • He can follow an object from one end to the other.
  • He makes the sounds not as a reaction to what he heard from the outside, but in response to what comes from within.
  • Moves hands and arms more.
  • Can hit objects.
  • It shows that he has begun to use his memory by waiting for an award from the movements he makes.
  • Turns his head and neck to search for the source of the sound.
  • He stops sucking to listen.
  • Distinguishes speech sounds from other sounds.

Salivary flow is generally thought to be related to teethe. However, this is not a very precise connection. Teething may be seen in some babies this month, but usually the first tooth does not come out before the 6th month. If your baby is really teething, he often takes his hands to his ear and his chin. Because same muscles manage both regions, it may not be obvious whether the baby's ear hurts, or the tooth comes out. To understand this, simply gently rub the gums. If your baby starts screaming immediately, it means he is teething.

Some babies do not suffer much toothache, while others suffer pain and have difficulty during the entire period of teething. If he is uneasy because of teething, obtain a teething toy and store it in the refrigerator. The coolness of the toy will relax the gums. If this does not work, your doctor may recommend a treatment with or without a prescription. Another improvement that will make you happy this month is that the baby finally starts sleeping all through the night. Night sleep will increase up to 10-11 hours and he will also sleep for two to three hours during the day. For your baby to fall asleep more easily, when he shows signs of fatigue, put him in bed.

So, how do you know your baby is tired? He will give some certain messages of his own, but almost all of the babies have some common and obvious signs. Rubbing his eyes and being reluctant against playing is one of them. However, fatigue can make some babies more active and exciting. In the baby who feel sleepy, you begin to see some reflexes and movements similar to postpartum. His movements become more rhythmic - for example, shaking his head. Finger sucking, irritable behaviors, general unrest is immediately noticeable in a sleepy baby. It will not be difficult for you to understand your baby's "I am sleepy" message.

The baby's senses also develop regularly. At the end of the month, he now begins to see everything colorful. He can easily focus his gaze and see everything within the 3-meter field of view, but still prefer to look 50 cm in front. Strabismus in his gaze has decreased and he can easily follow a moving object or a person. Your baby's hand-eye coordination is also evolving. As he stares at an object, he extends his hands to him and opens his fingers as far as he can. The desire to hold is extremely strong and can hold on any object he catches more skillfully. Hence now he can easily hold and remove your eyeglasses or pull off his father's beard.

Now he hears almost as if an adult. Distinguishes the weak voice and the powerful one and respond to the sound of music. He is also eager to make a sound now. He repeats some sounds as if he is trying not to forget. Most of them are monophonic syllables, and months later, these sounds turn into words, and gurling turns into giggles, laughter and screams. He will also laugh loudly when he is tickled. This "tickling response" is not seen in the previous period, so some experts consider it as a social development. Babies are open to any kind of signal during this period, so enrich the surrounding environment. The sense of smell is very important for them. It will also be very enjoyable to watch the reactions he will make when he smells things like flowers, soap, fruit, etc. in your home.

Your baby's smile has also improved since last month. He now make joy shows to family members or other familiar faces. "Talking" with you or other people he knows is one of his favorite things. He will like it every time you confirm his new trick. Your relationship will be gradually reformulated as your baby understands that you are a different individual. He now learns that every wish of him cannot be fulfilled.

However, your baby still could not fully understand his relationship with the outside world. For example, he discovered that his toy makes a sound every time he hit it. However, if the wind blows the curtain incidentally at the same time, he expects the curtain to be blown off every time he hits the toy. Therefore, he continues to hitting the toy for a while to make the curtain move. The curtain not to move may cause him to get angry, even cry for a short period of time.

While your baby is exploring himself and the world around him, patiently follow his new efforts and enjoy this beautiful period. Play with her, show affection. You and anyone who is close to the baby like you has an important place in the spiritual development of the baby. No matter how much he likes to play with the toy, the toy always gives the same reaction. However, people are variable, and he learns a lot from this!


He laughs when he becomes socialized; cries when his playing is interrupted. He likes the reflection in the mirror, and even smiles at the reflection. Tries to relax himself. He makes voices to connect with the people around him. He laughs when he tickles. Tries to answer people. Calms down with music. When he is in the prone position, he can turn on his back, and he can swing round from his back to the prone position. Keeps his head up for longer. He can rotate his head in the direction he desires When he is brought to a sitting position or lying down. Can make swimming movement and rotate in his bed. Can focus his gaze on different distances. He can pull a rocking object toward himself and take it to his mouth. Looks where an object falls. Claps in the bathroom his feet and hands. Teething may start. Can be ready to switch to solid foods. Can distinguish odors from each other. Reacts to the opposite longer than an hour. Remembers 5-7 seconds ago. Distinguishes the image with the real face. Likes to make new noises and mimics some.


Your baby's desire to reach out and achieve is also evolving. This impulse forms the basis of crawling (infancy). Although your baby can not reach far, his eyes guide his hands. Passes an object from one hand to another easily, or grasp it with both hands. As part of these discoveries, it is inevitable that he takes the objects to his mouth, but now the situation is slightly different: he chews everything he takes to his mouth.

Your baby is now beginning to learn that there are different results from different actions: you understand it from holding the bottle or from gripping a toy . He searches a falling object with his eyes, but even if he sees that you are hiding an object, he does not think he can find it. But even if his hands get lost from eye level, he knows where they are.

Your baby has also begun to discover his/her genitals. Many parents would not be so happy with this new development. The baby, however, will also discover his genitals by sensing and tampering as he did for his fingers and feet. The only reason they are particularly interested in this area is that, unlike other parts of his body, this area is usually closed and it is unlikely to reach every time he wishes. Do not try to explain to your baby that it is "bad" or "poop". Let him know. Just say the names of these organs to your baby, just like you do with his fingers. Socialization becomes increasingly fun for the baby and ones next to the baby. She now purses his lips, spits, gurgles, and even pull her tongue out. Tries to imitate many more movements. His words are like imitations of the sounds he hears. As if asking questions, he raises his voice in the last syllable of the sounds he makes.

Your baby starts to put together vowels and silent letters more often. “Da” is the most common syllable he makes out. Occasionally, this also comes out as ”da-da". The positive reactions you give to the sounds that he makes out will encourage him and you will start hearing "da" syllable more often. Sure, he does not know much about what he is saying, but after a while he starts to make contact. In the meantime, he will be very pleased should you imitate these syllables together. Even though your baby has had a post-natal hearing test, it is appropriate to repeat it about this time. Speech and language development are dependent on hearing ability and early intervention prevents problems that may arise.

Within the next month, symptoms of ”regarding human as stranger“ may occur. The baby suddenly begins to react to those outside the family and can examine the faces of these "foreigners" that come next to him for a long time. It can sometimes be difficult to explain this situation to the family elders who do not see the baby very often. If your baby has the chance to examine them from a safe place (eg on your lap), he will be easier to socialize. You should help these "strangers" on how to approach your baby; In general, it may be a good way to talk to you first and ignore the baby. This gives the baby a chance to examine the stranger and take the first step. Of course, if he liked these "new friends"!

If you haven't rearranged the house according to the baby, it's better not to spend much time anymore in this pre-infancy period. Already, your baby can throw a cup on the ground, put his hand into the hot tea cup, pull out the electrical plugs, and hurt himself in many ways that you will not imagine. It is the right time to put away objects that can be broken and damage the baby. As the baby gets moving, you will have to put some restraints on her, and he will resist them. Although these limitations give discipline and some positive habits to your baby, do not ask for more than he can. Because when you're good, your baby is good and he's already feeling it.

  • He laughs and makes sounds for attention and socialization.
  • Shows his reaction, resists to someone who tries to take his toy.
  • Knows his immediate surroundings and parents; reacts to foreigners.
  • Mimics the facial expressions.
  • Enjoys playing at mealtime.
  • When he is brought to a sitting position, he balances his head and holds it upright.
  • Makes "airplane" movement, with his hands wide open and his head raised.
  • Moves by swinging and turning.
  • Very easily turns his body.
  • He takes his feet to his mouth and sucks his toes.
  • Grasps objects more accurately; raises his hands and holds the object.
  • Starts to reach out at the right distance.
  • Can hold a thick ring.
  • Plays with a little toy animal put in hand.
  • Can grasp the feeding bottle with one or both hands.
  • Bringing together some silent letters with vowels makes syllables.
  • Looks around in new situations.
  • Wants to hold, rotate, shake the objects and take them to his mouth.
  • Leans and looks behind a falling down object.
  • Tries to imitate sounds and movements.

The baby shakes everything in his hands and can understand that some of them make noises and some do not. Knock together the toys - again and again - or throws them onto the ground, and then listens to the sounds they emit. Throws them onto the ground over and over again so that he can listen to the sounds they make, as well as to see if they make the same sounds every time. At the end of these exercises he will learn that not his hands but the toys are making the noises.

He gets angry at the fact that the toys don't sound or are taken away from his hands. Even though you don't like this game, he loves this game and learns it while playing.

Shape-changing toys are very interesting to him. He cannot understand that they are alive or non-living, so he tries to speak with a small swivel for example. He can now make out most of the silent letters and learn to show his mood that can change. Although he can only show happiness and distress, he tries to explain his other feelings. He tries to understand the speeches from the tone of voice he hears and reacts to voices that are angry, calm or affirmative with different facial expressions.

The baby is developing his vocabulary passively, so even if he can't say these words he knows their meaning. At the end of the month, he can point with his eyes to a few objects that you call their names.

This month, in addition, is also a period of sudden change in mood. Sometimes he gets angry at something he doesn't like, but he can calm down if his interest is diverted in another direction. This situation continues for a few months, and then the baby gradually learns to control his feelings. But, don't expect much from him yet. This situation continues until at least the kindergarten period.

When you leave the room, the baby cannot follow you, but he knows that you are in the vicinity of the house from sounds you make and makes frequent noises to attract your attention, and expects also you to react.

Your face means a lot to him now. He tries to examine your face from every angle and to touch it at every opportunity; tries to put his fingers in your eyes, nose and mouth; pulls your hair and ears. With these movements, your baby is trying to get to know you well and realizes that you are a different person than him. For example, it hurts if he pulls his own hair, but he won't hurt in pulling your hair.

Hiding your face and then suddenly opening it will be a very fun game for him, but he cannot participate in this game much. Sense of confidence develops with a sudden disappearance and coming back of beloved ones and he feels safe.

The baby no longer laughs at anyone, just plays with people he likes to be near. If the person he plays the game with suddenly goes, he cries. At the end of the first half year, some parents tend to compare children. If your baby is moving, someone surely will come out and tell that he will walk early. In fact, the baby will walk when he / she feels ready- and it may be "early" or "late". The important thing is that the baby feels himself ready.

  • He expresses his satisfaction and distress with voices: makes "ga-ga, gu-gu" sounds and laughs.
  • He would be disturbed by strangers.
  • Stops crying when he hears music.
  • Responds when his name is mentioned.
  • Tries to crawl on his stomach by moving his legs.
  • Moves his head freely.
  • Moves her body in all directions.
  • Can sit with support.
  • Likes to eat his own food with his fingers.
  • His taste improves.
  • He plays with food.
  • The first tooth may cut.
  • He can hold a glass with both hands.
  • He can get to seating position while he is turning to side from supine position..
  • There may be sudden changes in mood. His emotions change among satisfaction, unhappiness, anger and the like.
  • Examines objects for a long time.
  • Starts saying some silent letters.
  • Likes to see different things by overturning objects and looking at them.
  • Can compare two objects with each other.

A rapid development of the baby can be observed in the 7th month of his life. He has learned a lot since the birth, but his preparations for an active life in this first year of his life will continue. For the next three months the baby will be quite lively. Furthermore, in addition to physical and mental development, important steps will be recorded also in logic and language development, and all these will improve the baby's basic problem solving ability.

As the baby grows, his world also grows with him. By the end of this month, your baby will begin to crawl on the floor. He will lift himself up on his hands and knees and try to move back and forth; and after a short time, will reach out with a hand for something in his sight. As he continues this exercise, after a while his hands and feet spontaneously will begin to move in harmony. Although he can only go back at first, he will be able to control his movements more easily after a short time. The feeling of insecurity occurring while crawling can be lost after a while, while in some babies this insecurity can turn into a strong desire to stand up.

Not every baby develops in the same order. Some babies may develop an alternative style before or after crawling, or instead of crawling. Some babies can only go in one direction, whereas another one can go back. When he is strong enough to crawl, he can try the frog style of crawling - meaning that he can move both hands and two knees together. Some babies, on the other hand, can progress quickly. Ultimately, they find the right position, but some babies can also be seen to stand up directly and walk without ever crawling.

In order to be able to discover new things, the baby must be left free. He doesn't play with his toys during the day and often smiles. When he starts to move, curiosity and fear come along. The baby wonders what's going on outside the door, but he doesn't want to leave you because you're with him. After a while, he leaves instability and takes a step forward albeit for a short time. A bit later, he returns to check whether you are in the same place. If you are constantly moving in a large house, show yourself every few minutes to avoid him to worry.

Not only the baby's ability to move but also the ability to sit is well developed. Now he can sit almost without support. Some babies can even sit on their own, but they probably shift to one side while doing it. At first, your baby will use his hands to avoid falling. After a while his balancing will develop and he will be interested in other things, such as playing with toys, while sitting.

Although the baby has experienced change in every way, the sleep pattern remains constant. Some babies fall asleep from exhaustion at the end of the day, while others become more active as they get tired. Observe whether the baby can easily pass to a sleep state. While the noisy games in the house are fun, they are not very suitable for bedtime, as they will drive the baby's sleep away. As the sleep time gets closer, you can set some limits on moving games and slow down the pace. After a busy day, your baby will not oppose sleeping after a little shake. After the first six months, baby's sleep and sleep pattern will be affected by external factors such as travel and illness.

You can also try to give a bath before sleeping to relax the baby. Your baby has probably switched to the big bathtub. Fill the bathtub with only a few cm of water. Babies love to play in the water, but his body is slippery when it is soapy, so you definitely should not leave him alone.

Like sleeping, eating habits also remain the same. However, as your baby's ability to hold objects evolves, he now uses mostly palms rather than his fingers and starts to like foods which he can hold in his hands. It is still very pleasant for him to pass the objects from one hand to another, and pushes, squeezes or throws away everything he can reach.

That's why food that he can grasp (finger size) is fun for him. He may become restive between meals. Foods given between meals will calm the uneasy baby a little, but you should not allow this to become a habit.

Although your baby likes to eat food that he can keep in his hand, he can take food out of his mouth if it is given to him by you. The biggest reason for this is the self-eating desire. But even though he likes to try, he is not ready yet to take the spoon to his mouth. Do not be irritated by the turmoil and disarray you live, your baby just trying to imitate everything he sees. He's gonna want to clean his feeding chair just like you cleaned it. Although it is not so clear which hand he uses, four out of five children tend to use his right hand.


THE ABILITY TO CREEP INCREASING GRADUALLY, BABY NOW IT IS READY TO TAKE OFF FOR NEW DISCOVERIES. The baby's interest in his environment and his curiosity will culminate this month. Since his motives that he can trust are not much yet, he must learn the world by his own efforts. However, as he wants to discover everything he sees as quickly as possible, he cannot understand that his actions can have dangerous consequences. So a typical 8-month-old baby moves from here to there in the house, and bites, pulls or throws on the floor everything in front of him without thinking about the outcome.

There is no doubt that your baby has learned yet the techniques of crawling very well and is able to move very skillfully. Some babies crawl so fast that it is very difficult to follow them. You must be careful when opening and closing the doors; most of the babies love to stand behind the door because they find interesting the opening-closing doors. Putting their fingers in the doorways is also a fun move for them. If you're not careful, you can close a door on a tiny finger. A baby at this age usually can sit for a long time without any support. However, very few babies can move to a sitting position by himself and without receiving any support. As his crawling muscles become stronger the baby will use them to stand up. Standing up from the sitting position requires a complex maneuverability. He gets a lot of trouble trying to figure out where to put his hand, where to load his weight, and when to use his feet. Every time he will try to raise himself a little higher.

You must create a free space for him to do these exercises. Try not to interfere with the baby, let him find the right way making mistakes. For a while after he has managed to stand up, he will try to find out what he can do. Then he learns how to stand on holding with one hand and then on which foot to load - all of which are preparations to take a step. He also understands which objects and furniture can carry his weight and which cannot.

He soon discovers that he can leave both his hands when he leans against the sofa. Even though not very often, he can manage sometimes to stand upright. However, it will take several weeks for him to return to the floor again. To do this, he may shout at you and ask for help, or fall on his back. You can't teach your baby to stand, but when he tries to sit down, you can help him lean forward from his waist and therefore sit down resting on his hip. But do not interfere too much. This time, he may not make any effort in any way, considering you will help him anyhow.

It is quite difficult to predict eating habits at this age. It usually changes from week to week. Some babies may refuse to eat on their own and ask you to feed them. Some of them gets angry with your intervention and prefers to manage eating by himself. And some others reject the baby food on his plate, and attacks the food in your plate. In particular, when teething, the baby may lose interest in the meal, but instead examine the food. Do not be too strict about it, do what the baby wants and do not try to force feeding him.

It is also very difficult to adjust sleep times in this period. Although some babies sleep twice a day until 14-15 months of age, many can sleep only once. A very active baby can sleep once, but if he is exhausted, duration of this sleep will be longer. Even if your baby wakes up in the dead of night or very early in the morning, he needs time to learn how to sleep again on his own. Try to shorten his crying- if the baby is crying so hard, try to relax him talking to him in a soft tone, because he can't sleep as long as he cries. You can talk to him, hold him, hug him, or shake him a little in your arm. But after you do so, insist that you leave him alone in a few minutes.

Now your baby can hold objects between his thumb and the index finger, "like nippers". At the end of the month, he can take particles or small objects in hand with this movement. This is an important stage because being able to use two fingers is one of the important features that distinguishes people from animals. The baby has now solved the whole reach-hold-release system. He no longer needs to worry about what he can do with his hand, and he can easily concentrate on the object he's holding. He can also reach everything up to 25 cm away from him. Reaching is an important factor in your baby's discovering surroundings. Your baby can now point to what he wants and follow with his eyes the object you're pointing at. He is so sensitive to the details that he immediately notices an object newly placed in the room.

One of the favorite places of the baby is the kitchen, because cupboards and drawers full of large or small many items and food are waiting there to be emptied. It would be a good decision to remove the fragile items on the lower shelves from those shelves. You can give him a few cups to use, but remember that he will want others also after a while. You can use small locks to prevent the drawer and cabinet doors from opening. Babies also like to look at trash cans or to mix their contents.

The baby's language development begins to form long before he says the first word and continues. Keep chatting with him, even if one-sided. He can now follow you more easily. Tell him simple, but concrete, tangible things. The baby still cannot understand yet more concrete concepts. But he can understand sounds and rhythms, and he can interpret a few words from what you say. You will notice that your baby mimics the syllables in the words he has heard during this period. Many voices he makes and which seem meaningless to you, are actually imitations of a voice he has heard. It just couldn't get the right letter sounds yet. During the rest of the first year, your baby will change almost every day. Remember that you can't ever be so close to your baby after this period has passed.


He pushes objects that he does not want. Depends on parents: strangers can scare him. He laughs at his image in the mirror, hits him and kisses him. He screams to attract attention. He imitates people he doesn't see or hear the voice. He doesn't like to be home. He has developed the ability to hold with the thumb and index fingers. He can hold another object while looking at an object. He looks at where someone is pointing and follows him. He can crawl forwards or backwards. He can crawl with an object in his hand. He can stand using (by holding) the furniture. Claps hands and waves his hands. Wants to taste everything. Remembers the past events. Detects objects as external, three-dimensional objects. Combines the behaviors he knows with new ones. Consciously says "mother" and "father".



CULMINATING SENSE OF CURIOSITY THIS MONTH, MAY NOT LEAVE IN THE HOUSE UNOPENED, UNEXPLORED DRAWER, UNTURNED POT. Considering the way it has gone through since birth, your baby's development may seem a bit slower this month. However, this does not mean the end of the learning process. Sense of curiosity really tempts him this month. In this period, instead of amazing you with new achievements, he improves the skills that he started before. For example, your baby has now mastered the holding with finger movement; he can now take a very small object skillfully using his thumb and index finger. He can also adjust his hand to the shape of the object to which he wants to reach. The increased dexterity and knowledge of the baby enables him to adapt what he has learned to new situations. He tries to understand the relations and connections between objects. For example, he can attach the lid of a jar or close the lid of the pan. The first asymmetrical movements of his hands makes him hold an object in one hand while hitting it with the other. Although he cannot handle very complex puzzles, he can for example pass a small object through a large hole or makes block with two cubes.

Babies' saying some syllables when playing a game shows their willingness to speak. For example, he says "da" for the daddy and that is enough for him. These syllables increase for next 2-3 months, but the child does not speak before the age of 18 months or 2 years. More important is that he understands almost everything you say to him. Talk to him often - tell him what you are doing or say the names of some objects - he will soon be able to understand words like "mother", "father" or "bye-bye". The baby also understands small instructions such as "stop" or "do bye-bye". Your baby now understands that things exist when they're not visible to him - in other words, that you exist when you leave the room or home -. Toys storage game helps him detect this fact. Babies of this age love to play this simple game with family members and others. Big brothers, like adults, help them understand how the toy is used. But they can also prevent the baby from learning this by himself.

Even though there is a big brother in the house, the baby asks for his mother and father in this period. Although this new freedom makes him happy, he wants to play with you for most of his time. Parents who work all day bring both a sense of confidence and a sense of novelty to the baby on their way home. The biggest indicator of the independence gained by the baby is the tendency of him to leave the breast or bottle. However, this trend is likely to change next month. This intent reappears at about one year old. Talk to your pediatrician about whether the baby is ready to stop feeding the baby bottle or breast.

If you are breastfeeding, the desire for breast may decrease in 9th month. However, he still asks for the sense of closeness that breastfeeding gives. He will often want to enter the breastfeeding position in your lap and this request of him should not be rejected. If the baby is reluctant to the bottle during this time, you can try to switch to the cup. However, do not separate the baby from the bottle too early, he can use the bottle until the second age. Eventually, he will get bored. But remember that for the baby who can use the bottle himself is more difficult to stop sucking.

This month you'll see that the speed enthusiast naughty baby will be more active. He has probably found self-sitting position by trial and error. After that, he spends most of his time crawling and trying to sit. At the end of this month, most infants may stand unsupported. A moving baby can play with a toy in his hand while standing. Many of them start to gaze around inch-by-inch leaning their hands against the sofa or coffee table. When he masters it he will try to pass from one piece of furniture to another stretching out his hands first. If he is using baby-walker, while on the walker, do not leave him alone and make sure there are no dangerous objects around. A baby on the walker can use both hands to get naughty, but a baby standing on his own can only mess with one hand as he rests with one hand.

As his curiosity and mobility increased, the safety of the baby has now become a subject that needs to be overemphasized. His instinctive desire to climb is quite evident in this period. It is easier for him to climb up, but it may be dangerous for him to come down. For example, the baby crawls easily up the stairs without knowing how to return. By closing and locking the doors for a while, you can prevent him climbing the stairs. The drawers coffee tables also encourage his climbing desire. He could probably figure out that by opening these drawers he could climb up to the top of the coffee table, and from there pass to the chair. You may have to keep the drawers locked or banded for a while because it is a very difficult task for him to come down again. If the medicine cabinet in your home is close to the floor, do not wait any longer to relocate it.

The kitchen is another area with possible dangers, as there can be cutting tools, electrical appliances or cleaning materials in the kitchen. Foods that seem harmless to you, such as dry beans or peas, can be dangerous to your baby - they may escape to the nose or throat. Plants in the house should also be placed out of reach of infants. Aside from being toppled over him, the plants inside may also be poisonous. Try to see and eliminate other potential dangers at home. Sometimes it's hard for you to warn babies because babies occasionally don't listen to these warnings and can lose control. Try to train your baby by talking at times like this.


He wants to be with his family when he plays a game. Adopts a certain toy. He can be sensitive to other children; for example, he cries too when they cry. He wants to protect himself and all that he owns. Understands the general mood of people and behaves accordingly. Mimics coughs and sneezes. Shows his gimmicks in front of the audience. Claps hands and hits objects together. He takes toys in both hands and checks them both. Grasps large objects with both hands, small objects with fingers. He can stand on leaning somewhere. He can crawl with a hand full. While crawling, he can turn around himself. He can climb. He can find an object he sees you're hiding. He gets bored with the same game again. Remembers the game played the previous day. Apply simple orders. Detects vertical areas and is afraid of heights.


For your baby, the world around him is just games and believes that he can play any game he wants. Many baby care books recommend that you allow your baby to get acquainted with his environment without worrying if adequate measures are taken at home. Every parent knows it's not as easy to implement it. Even if you remove the items, lock the doors, and install iron on the windows, you can make the home safe up to a point since you also have some needs at home in the end. Therefore, the baby should be aware that he has no permission to enter some areas at home. If you use tablecloths, try not to keep tableware on it. Keep the bathroom and kitchen doors closed.

There are no other toys that are as fun as the toilet bowl: it makes clangorous sounds and items can be easily thrown in! Your baby now understands "no" and can even repeat it and shake his head. But that doesn't stop him. Even you say continuously "no", he will never give up on going from one forbidden place to another. (You have a few more months for your baby to shake his head and say “yes" to your wishes).

Although it may seem difficult for you to be patient and calm, there is no other way for the baby to learn to control himself. Any object or situation that appears to be a potential danger to the baby should be considered very calmly. He has to admit that some situations will not be discussed.

Your baby should have passed some basic stages like sitting on his own; but keep in mind that every 10 month old baby's motor development is different. Your baby should be able to make the sitting and every movement that is connected to it very comfortably. He can turn, lean, change his position and lie down on his stomach while he is sitting and straighten up again.

Almost all babies crawl in this period while some of them - with some support - can stand alone on their own. Some of them wander around the furniture, very few take a few steps, again very few start to walk. Parents of babies whose babies do not crawl or walk "timely" complain that their babies are not curious about their surroundings. As we have already mentioned, the baby may be developing himself in a completely different area, such as talking or examining and exploring the toys in detail. In fact, there is nothing to worry about. Even though these babies may postpone their motor skills a little, they can develop very quickly later and close the gap. You might think he is storing energy for later. Some try to stand holding on to the sides of his crib. Sometimes, in the middle of the night, there are voices coming from his room, and when you go and look at him, you may find him fully awake, doing the exercise of standing up on the edge of his crib.

A very active baby can sleep 1 hour in the day and 11 hours at night. This may not seem enough for you, but these babies can be at least as energetic as very sleepers.

Your baby may now have falling asleep difficulties while fully awake. If this is the case, he needs you to relax. Before he goes to full sleep, you can put him on your lap and read a fairy tale or sing a lullaby. The important thing here is that you put him in his bed as he goes to sleep. One of the best ways for the baby's language development is to read books to him at this time, especially the fairy tale books. Although his favorite work is to take the books off the bookshelves and throw on the ground, in fact it will also be interesting to him to read the book. He likes to look at the pictures in the books and read it to him, even if he doesn't understand half of what you described. If he likes to turn pages himself and review some pages longer, you should let him do this. It is almost impossible to finish the book at one sitting at this stage. Even if you can't understand, the sounds your baby makes are the speech tones. The baby of this age can say simple words like "bye-bye", and the words he understands are quite large. When you say "show", he can show many objects with his hand. He now interprets the play "hiding" in his own way and closes his face with his own style when you say "Where are you?". He closes his face with his hand or his blanket to imply that he wants to play the game. If this question doesn't come, he will call you to seek him out.

Sometimes he just shows up, sometimes it takes a few seconds him to hide. He likes very much when you shout "hah, here you are", and he never gets bored of this game (but naturally you are bored). According to his logic, if he cannot see you, then you also cannot see him!

You'll notice that your baby is open and enthusiastic about new instructions to be able learn more especially in areas of his interest - for example holding a spoon on himself. However, you may not see the same enthusiasm in other areas that you need to perform together like changing diaper. Even for a minute, to do a work he doesn't like will make him nervous and he will show it to you shouting.

The urge to research of the baby will constantly push him to go to the forbidden zones, and he will be unhappy if you get angry with him for that. But keep in mind that the area you prohibit should be kept permanently forbidden, and when you remove the ban, he thinks that every ban can be lifted.



He likes to play with water. His consciousness about himself develops and he waits for social approval. He waits for someone to play with him. He expresses his feelings of sadness, joy and anger. He fears of different places. Imitates facial expressions and gestures. He loves different kind of hiding games. He can stand up by himself. He can walk someone holding his both hands. He can get in the chair and get out. When standing he can sit by himself. He lives sleep problems that can be caused by trying to stand in the middle of the night. He accompanies the music by shaking or mumbling. He can hold two small objects with one hand. He may leave the object willingly, but he does so timidly. Begins to prefer one hand and one side of the body. Increasingly prominently imitate their relatives. Follows some words and instructions. Opens the drawers to see the contents. Tries to place objects together.


Your baby can now stand easily and reject any kind of help in doing so. In addition, while standing, leaning slowly can switch to the sitting position without falling. In doing so, he stops in between, leans over and looks through his two legs. It excites him to see around from different angles. Holding on the side of the coffee table babies can walk when they are 11 months old in average. But this is a changing situation for every baby, and your baby can do it sooner or later. After walking very comfortably on the edge of the coffee table, he will slowly drop his hands or will suddenly forget to hold. He will try to walk on one foot and tiptoe Giving all his support to one hand, he can lean and try to get a toy from the ground.

When your baby gets up and starts walking even if by hanging on, that means he is ready to wear shoes. However, to strengthen the leg muscles, continue to walk him in the house with socks as much as possible. The shoes should be soft and elastic until the baby starts to walk very well. Many mothers think that their baby should wear thick and hard-soled shoes, but this is a misconception. Hard shoes may cause the foot to twist. It attracts almost all children. Most babies climb up very comfortably and start to cry out of fear when arrive at the top as they do not know how to come down the stair. He won't be able to come down the stairs until at least next month. When your baby learns to climb stairs he should be under your constant supervision. Your baby will fall down many times when trying all of this. If you don't react too much to these falls, your baby also doesn't react as long as he feels much pain. If after a fall your baby seems to cry, hug him and laugh as if he made a very funny move, and also try to make him laugh. However, you have to make sure that he will not try to fall down again to make you laugh.

Your baby's sleep pattern may also change this month. His sleep may shorten during the day and lengthen at night. Or he may combine two sleeps during the day, and can sleep one time but longer. In such cases, the baby will be sleepless all afternoon and may get cranky towards dinner. So perhaps the best way is to give lunch early, to let him sleep immediately after dinner, that is, to make one sleep as late as possible.

If the baby has difficulty falling asleep at night, try to give him the bath at night. A warm bath will help him sleep all night long. If you haven't started yet, you are in a good time to start washing him every day; because the baby gets dirty from going around in the house all the day and trying to eat meal by himself.

At the eleventh month, the baby makes progress in many other areas as well as physical development. For example, he realizes that dinner comes soon from the sound and smell coming from the kitchen. He learns to wait for anything, even if he cannot show much "patience" as he becomes aware of it in advance.

Sometimes it might worry you to think that your baby has not heard what you said to him. In fact, your baby is so busy at what he is doing at such times that he doesn't want to answer you. However, if your concern about hearing is growing, you should consult your pediatrician.

In the first year, very few baby can say words and conversely, speaking is not a sign of intelligence. Many babies have passive vocabulary; that is, even if he cannot say it, he knows the meaning of about ten objects, and can, when he desires, follow simple instructions. If you have not done so far, it is the best time to add "please" and "thank you" to your instructions. When your baby starts talking, these words will be directly reflected in his speech.

It is a concern without reason that you think that the defects in your baby's speech will impair your baby's language development. "Baby-style speech" is available in almost all languages and does not affect language development under normal circumstances.

The baby is now able to grasp objects very properly and use his fingers better. Keeps objects easier with thumb and index finger; for example, he can pick a piece of banana from the plate skillfully. His discovery behaviors lead him to categorize toys and other objects. The baby continuously examines shapes and sizes; for example, tries to understand the difference between a plastic cup and a glass cup. He knows that a small container will enter the big one, but not the opposite.

Reading books and showing pictures to your baby helps the baby to get to know the objects around him better. However, do not try to teach him letters or words during this period. Instead, turn the looking at books into a cute game. In this period the baby loves to play "where is the toy?" game. He can search for hidden toys more skillfully. Even if the toy is not in the place previously stored, he surely knows that it is hidden somewhere else. He keeps searching, and with a little help from you, this big secret is solved!

Relationships with the baby of mother and father are different, but both are very valuable. Different appearances, different ideas and different communication enable the baby to understand people and his surroundings more easily. If you are raising your baby alone, you should allow him to communicate with people of the opposite sex. If these people occasionally communicate with your baby one-to-one, this gives you also some rest. Your baby still needs your support. He should make sure that he will receive a response each time he is hugging you or waiting for attention. You shouldn't listen to your relatives who say you spoil him.


He loves games like hiding-finding or throwing balls. He may not always be participant. He always waits for approval. It can lean forward while standing with support. When standing he can sit without falling. He can stand on tip toes. Crouches and bends. Lifts the box cover. Turns over book pages, even if not one at a time. He is able to consciously put the objects in place. He can hold and lift small objects. He can take the spoon to his mouth. Can remove his shoes and socks. He tries to use tools to reach his goal; for example, he may try to use a small chair as a walker. He remembers words that are symbols of some objects (he may point to the sky when is said "plane"). What they say still cannot be understood; but he can make a few meaningful sounds. Mimics rhythmic sounds and facial expressions very easily.


When you see your baby's inexhaustible energy, you can't believe that it's the tiny creature you brought home from the hospital. Now his "self-consciousness" is very developed. In other words, he now considers himself as a "different" person and knows his height, needs and desires clearly. About three out of every five babies begin to walk on the 12th month, but remember that it is just a generalization. At the end of the twelfth month, your baby to be able to stand unsupported, but not to be ready to walk is also considered a normal development. The baby's first steps usually result in a fall; hugging the baby at this time and gently telling that it was not important will encourage him to walk again. After he fell, rather than he get hurt, he cries because he failed. So if you run over to him and show your concern to him, he will be more upset because of his fall.

You should not worry that your baby continues to crawl even after he starts walking. Beginners to walk may prefer crawling for a while, since it is easier by crawling to reach where they want to go. In the course of time, the baby will understand all mechanics of walking function. When he can walk on a straight line with reasonable confidence, he will discover how to turn the corners or how to stand with his own will without falling. A moving baby can climb from the playground or bed and this increases the risk of falling dangerously. If your baby loves to climb too much, you can lower one side of the crib down a little, so he can get in or out more easily, but you must clear the room from possible dangers. Your baby can eat on his own even if he can not use properly the spoon or fork. Let him eat with his hands at appropriate times and tolerate his clutter. Usually, when the parent feeds, she thinks the baby has been forced to, and he can refuse even if he likes food. During this period, your baby's gaining weight is slowed because he is moving a little more. He can eat a single meal during the day and refuse everything that is offered outside of a few foods. One reason you think he eats less is that now his digestive system is digesting food more effectively than before. In addition to habits of eating, food preferences become rather evident in this period. Suddenly, your baby may reject his beloved banana and he may want to eat apple at every meal. This is completely normal.

Babies in this period need to rest, that is, to sleep at least once in a day. Generally the best time to sleep is right after lunch, but this may not always happen. You can encourage your baby to sleep at different times in accordance with your own, or his own order.

At the beginning of this month, your baby will understand a lot of things you will say about his daily actions. At the end of this month, he can say a few words in its own way. The baby still tries to understand and learn everything that he can reach. Everything he gets to his hands must be tampered, shaken and thrown to the ground. Turning the light on and off is one of his most exciting games. Almost every moving object attracts him and he likes to put things together now rather than tearing them apart.

When purchasing toys, you should pay particular attention to the age restrictions on the toy boxes. These have been put in place for children's mental capacities as well as for security reasons. If the age limit in the box shows above 3 years of age, it is because these toys have small parts that can be inserted into the mouths of the smaller ones. Now he likes more complex games. For example, he might want to take his clothes off himself. While your baby is very gentle for a moment, right after that he can become cranky and not listen to what you say. It's easier him to accept what you say when there's someone to play around. Although they do not play together during this period, he likes to have a child of same age near him, but usually prefers to play with older children.

Toy animals are favorite toys of your baby during this period and they are usually attached to one or two of them. These toys often help the "transition" to sleep and they become an alternative of you. Although it differs in every child, they experience intensely the fear of separation during this period. Regarding human as a stranger is likewise variable: try to stay close to him when you go somewhere, when at home, the baby can walk around on his own and explore. Although finding odd decreased for the last one or two months, it can start again after the baby becomes active.

By the end of this month, your baby will develop a sense of humor. For example, when he sees you laugh at something he does, he does this over and over.

In this period, your baby will also reflect different moods. The mood of the baby depends entirely on your mood; if you are very angry, it will not be possible to keep your baby calm. When he is angry, you can leave the baby in his bed in his room for a short time, close the door and wait for him to calm down a little. You'll see, your baby's nerve will pass immediately when there are no people around to show his anger.

We have mentioned the importance of being consistent while giving discipline to your baby. But as he grows older, he will realize that everything around him is not consistent. If you constantly run behind the baby, he will stop paying attention to you after a while. You should keep your planned discipline tactics for situations and behaviors that have the potential of danger or that disturb the environment. The fewer rules to remember, the easier it is to implement them.

Soon your baby will be celebrating his 1st birthday. Although this birthday shows the end of infancy, it does not indicate that baby behaviors are finished. However, the period of helplessness in infancy remained behind and maturation period is entered in. And your "very special" baby is on the way to becoming a "very special" child.


He shows affection and compassion to parents, acquaintances and objects he loves. Resists to sleep. Moods vary. He reacts very much to separation from the parents. From parents, he expects more help than necessary. Resists eating meals he doesn't like or feeding. Sense of humor develops. He is in an action of standing up, walking and walking around. He takes a few steps without holding anything or walks holding a wheeled toy. He can climb a cot. He can climb up stairs. He can easily go into sitting position when standing. He can stand up from his squatting position using his hands. Learns to use toys such as telephone, cars. He prefers one hand over the other. He can put two objects under his arms and take the third. He understands the instructions given to him and many things said to him. He can say a few more words than "mother". Recognizes the animals in magazines and books. Even if he doesn't see a missing object, he looks over where he finds it the last time. Remembers events for longer.