Three to four weeks old baby and sleep
During this period, the most important duty of a baby is to gain the ability to control different situations like the state of sleep and state of wakefulness. During this period, parents have lots to learn through watchful examination.
Being able to sleep in a crowded and noisy environment, calming down to fall asleep again just when waking up due to an external stimulus are the stages of this control process mentioned above.
A watchful observation will help you make important inferences from the behaviors of your baby during its transitions between different stages of consciousness. An active and nervous baby will experience the transition more quickly while a calm baby will go through the stages more slowly and easily.
When your baby is moody, some of your behaviors will cause it to cry while others will calm it down. The baby will go through these stages every three to four hours. The first duty of the new parents is to “familiarize” with the behaviors of their babies. The important thing is to distinguish whether a crying baby will soon calm down and continue sleeping or if the baby is crying because it is hungry. If breastfeeding or bottle-feeding -which is the first thing parents do when the baby cries- does not work out, this moodiness will go on for a little more time and the baby will calm down after a while. During this period, the baby sleeps for 16 to 18 hours and in 3 to 4 hours period of time on average.One to two months old baby and sleep
During this period, the sleeping and nourishment time and duration of your baby starts to become more systematical. The time between two nourishments gets longer as much as 3 hours or even more. Depending on birth weight and other different factors, two months old babies start sleeping longer at night. The second month of your baby is the time you should start adjusting your baby to your daily family routine. Now, you can wake your baby up and feed it one last time before going to sleep at night and wake it up in the morning to let it start the new day at a time you see suitable. The times your baby is restless and it cries are now more regular and these are generally experienced at the end of the day. The restlessness ends when the baby passes stool. Your baby is ready to nursing and sleeping.Four months old baby and sleep
During this period, the main problem about sleep is the regular night sleep pattern of your baby. A four months old baby should be able to sleep where it is put to sleep and sleep for uninterrupted 8 hours on average. “Uninterrupted sleep” for the baby means that it should go through deep sleep and light sleep stages without waking up. The baby which goes into light sleep cries, makes sounds and turns in the bed. However, keep in mind that it is still asleep while all these happen. The baby needs to teach itself to calm down and go into the deep sleep during these sleep stages. Families play an important role while the baby “learns” sleeping; babies certainly need the support of their parents. However, what parents do is to cuddle the baby as soon as they hear it crying and to prevent the baby from falling into deep sleep. This false approach causes the baby which goes into light sleep stages every 3 to 4 hours to get used to waking up and feeding every time and perceive this as a part of routine. When the baby makes a habit out of this, it is really difficult to break it in the following months.Seven months old baby and sleep
Even if your baby has “learned” sleeping uninterruptedly for 8 to 12 hours at nights until the 7th month, the new abilities it has gained during this period like sitting, creeping and crawling will show themselves at nights too and create some problems. These new abilities will make it easier to wake up at night and harder to fall asleep again.
Similar difficulties go for the day time as well. What parents should do is to practice the advices given for the month 4 again. A seven months old baby should sleep at least two times a day before and after noon in addition to night sleep. Even though the baby does not sleep during these hours, it should learn to spend these times alone in bed. Not only the baby but also the parents need this.Nine months old baby and sleep
As we have said earlier, new abilities gained make sleeping more difficult. A nine months old baby can now stand up by itself and it will do so at nights, too. And what is worse, it will do this as soon as you put it to bed and leave the room so it sleeps! Maybe, your baby will do the same thing repeatedly for ten times! You should be “determined” in order to get over this behavior. Do not cuddle and take it to the living room if it stands up and cries again and again. You should absolutely not let it get out of bed. It should see how determined you are and understand that it needs to sleep. You should practice the same method when it wakes up at nights.9 to 12 months
During these months, your baby will probably be sleeping for 10 to 12 hours at night and for half an hour to two hours during daytime twice a day. What you should do is not to break the sleeping routine of your baby and to do whatever necessary to help it sleep by itself.12 to 18 months
During these months, your baby will sleep 13 or 14 hours a day. When it is 18 months old, it can reduce its daytime sleep to one time a day for a duration of half an hour to two hours. What you should do is not to break the sleeping routine of your baby and to do whatever necessary to help it sleep by itself.18 to 24 months
10 to 12 hours of sleep at nights and 2 hours of daytime sleep once will be enough for your baby. During these months, your baby can resort to several tricks to break the habits you have set up for it.